NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) 20080030251: The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Project
Publication date 2008-01-01
Topics NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), PRECIPITATION MEASUREMENT, METEOROLOGICAL RADAR, SUPERHIGH FREQUENCIES, CLOUD PHYSICS, ATMOSPHERIC ENTRY, PRECIPITATION (METEOROLOGY), REMOTE SENSING, OBSERVATORIES, MULTISPECTRAL RADAR, LOW EARTH ORBITS, GROUND TRUTH, Azarbarazin, Ardeshir Art, Carlisle, Candace C.,
The GIobd Precipitation hleasurement (GPM) mission is an international cooperati~ee ffort to advance weather, climate, and hydrological predictions through space-based precipitation measurements. The Core Observatory will be a reference standard to uniform11 calibrate data from a constellatism of spacecraft with passive microuave sensors. GP3l mission data will be used for scientific research as well as societal applications. GPM is being developed under a partnership between the United States (US) National .Aeronautics and Space Administration (XASA) and the Japanese Aerospace and Exploration Agency (JAYA). NASA is developing the Core Observatory, a Low-Inclination Constellation Observatory, two GPM Rlicrowave Imager (GXII) instruments. Ground Validation System and Precipitation Processing System for the GPRl mission. JAXA will provide a Dual-frequency Precipitation Radar (DPR) for installation on the Core satellite and launch services for the Core Observatory. Other US agencies and international partners contribute to the GPkf mission by providing precipitation measurements obtained from their own spacecraft and,'or providing ground-based precipitation measurements to support ground validation activities. The GPM Core Observatory will be placed in a low earth orbit (-400 krn) with 65-degree inclination, in order to calibrate partner instruments in a variety of orbits. The Core Observatory accommodates 3 instruments. The GkfI instrument provides measurements of precipitation intensity and distribution. The DPR consists of Ka and Ku band instruments, and provides threedimensional measurements of cloud structure, precipitation particle size distribution and precipitation intensitj and distribution. The instruments are key drivers for GPM Core Observatory overall size (1 1.6m x 6.5m x 5.0m) and mass (3500kg), as well as the significant (-1 950U.3 power requirement. The Core Spacecraft is being built in-house at Goddard Space Flight Center. The spacecraft structure consists of an aluminum lower bus structure. composite upper bus structure, '-axis steerable High Gain Antenna System on a dual-hinged boom, and two deploy able solar arraq s. The propulsion system features twelve thrusters and a single Composite Overlv~apP ressure Vessel tank. The GPhl Core spacecraft is one of the first large spacecraft developed to be demiseable (i.e. burn up upon atmospheric reentry j. The spacecraft dernissable components-- structure. propulsion tank, lithium-ion battery, sotar array md reaction wheels. are a unique fcature.
Ocr ABBYY FineReader 11.0
Uploaded by chris85 on